Shade Conditions

Plants for cool conditions

Many of these plants prefer to be protected from direct sunlight, for part, if not all of the day. None like to be starved or dried out, either by lack of rainfall or root competition. Shade, or part shade from trees or buildings will provide good sites together with shelter from drying wind. Poor soils, which suffer from low rainfall, should have plenty of moisture-holding material well incorporated before planting. Plants with yellow leaves need top light to keep their foliage bright, but not direct sunlight, which will scorch them. Plants grown primarily for flower, such as Primula or Viola will need more sunlight than those grown for large and handsome foliage. Provided these points are kept in mind none of these plants are difficult, none require drenched peat or high humidity, both conditions unattainable in our Garden here in East Anglia.

Small and low growing plants for cool conditions:

Adonis “Fukujukai”

Ajuga

Alchemilla conjuncta

Alchemilla erythropoda

Androsace geranifolia

Anemone (dwarf forms)

Aquilegia (dwarf)

Arisarum

Arum italicum

Aruncus aethusifolius

Asarum

Astilbe (dwarf forms)

Cardamine kitaibelli

Cenolophium denudatum

Chelonopsis moschata

Chiastophyllum

Colchicum

Convallaria

Corydalis flexuosa

Cryptotaenia

Dactylorhiza

Dicentra formosa

Disporum

Epimedium

Epipactis gigantean

Erythronium

Fragaria

Fritillaria camschatcensis

Galanthus

Galium odoratum

Geranium nodosum

Hepatica

Heuchera

X Heucherella

Lamium

Leptinella

Leucojum vernum

Liriope

Lysimachia nummularia

Mentha (some)

Mitella

Narcissus

Omphalodes

Pachysandra

Persicaria

Phlox stolonifera

Polygonatum curvistylum

Primula denticulata

Primula polyneura

Primula vulgaris (all forms)

Pulmonaria

Ranunculus ficaria

Reineckia

Roscoea cautlyoides

Sagina

Saxifraga

Solidago caesia

Stylophorum diphyllum

Symphytum (low forms)

Tanacetum parthenium

Tellima

Teucrium

Thalictrum kiusianum

Tiarella

Tolmeia

Trifolium

Uvalaria perfoliata

Vancouveria

Veronica gentianoides

Vinca

Viola

Waldsteinia

 

Ferns to use with some of the plants listed above:

Adiantum pedatum “Imbricatum”

Athyrium felix-femina “Minutissimum”

Athyrium niponicum var pictum

Blechnum penna-marina

Cystopteris fragilis

 

Grasses to use with some of the plants listed above:

Carex oshimensis

Deschampsia “Tatra Gold”

Hakonechloa

Holcus mollis

Luzula

Milium effusum “Aureum”

Molinia caerulea “Moorhexe”

Molinia caerulea “Variegata”

 

Medium to large plants for cool conditions:

Heavy soil lightened with 10mm grit, lighter soil enriched with compost, or good leaf mould type soil- all will suit the following plants together with shade or part-shade provided by walls or trees. They must not be water logged in winter or leaf scorched and dried out in summer. Some like Bergenia and Digitalis will stand dry shade but are repeated here as they add much to this group and thrive in better conditions.

 

Aconitum

Actaea

Alchemilla mollis

Anemone (border forms)

Angelica

Aquilegia

Artemisia lactiflora

Aruncus dioicus

Astilbe

Astilboides tabularis

Astrantia

Bergenia

Brunnera

Delphinium

Dicentra spectabilis

Digitalis

Diphylleia cymosa

Filipendula ulmaria “Aurea”

Fuchsia

Hedera

Helleborus

Hosta

Kirengeshoma

Ligularia

Lysimachia

Myrrhis odorata

Pachyphragma

Paeonia

Persicaria

Polygonatum

Pulmonaria

Rheum

Rodgersia

Smilacinia racemosa

Trachystemon

Tricyrtis

Trillium

Veratrum

Zantedeschia

 

Ferns to use with some of the plants listed above:

Matteuccia

Polystichum

 

Grasses to use with some of the plants listed above:

Deschampsia

Carex elata “Aurea”

Fargesia

Melica uniflora albida

Miscanthus

Panicum

Pleiobastus